Saturday, August 17, 2019
Aryanna Cabrera Working in Groups Thesis Statement: Working in groups has many downsides and few upsides for its participants. I. Body 1: A. Positive side to group work is limited. B. Less work to do, more people. C. More ideas than just one person. II. Body 2: A. Negative side to group work is more abundant than the positives. B. Different opinions lead to disagreements. C. Not everyone does his or her job. III. Body 3: A. Evaluation is unfair most of the time.B. Individual contributions are not reflected in the grade. C. If someone is not doing his or her job, report it to the teacher. When working in groups, students are usually evaluated on others work. If they did a good job then everything is fine, but if they did a bad job, it could potentially hurt the evaluation process. Working in groups has many downsides and few upsides for its participants. Positive things about working in groups are very limited.One of the positive things about group work is that work can be divided amo ng several people, which can help the job get done faster than if it was all done by one person; like John Heywood said: Ã¢â¬Å"Many hands make light work. Ã¢â¬ Another good thing is that a group of people brainstorming together will come up with more ideas and solutions than a single person working alone. Vincent Lombardi, an NFL coach, once said that Ã¢â¬Å"Individual commitment to a group effort Ã¢â¬â that is what makes a team work, a company work, a society work, a civilization work. Everyone must do his or her part in order to be successful and get a good evaluation. This does not always happen. On the contrary, group work has too many downsides. One negative thing about working in groups is that when you have many different ideas and opinions, disagreements are bound to arise, which can stall the project. Some other negatives about group work are that if one person doesn't complete their task, the whole project will suffer; the bigger the group, the more difficult it is to schedule times when everyone can get together.Most times, there is always one person that says they do not know how to do anything; another, that always does all the work and then is going insane, and one that does not do anything until the last minute. Ã¢â¬Å"There are two kinds of people, those who do the work and those who take the credit. Ã¢â¬ This quote by Indira Gandhi is right on point. Every group always has these kinds of people and that should be taken into consideration by the professor when evaluating. The evaluation process for group works is usually very unfair because it is not individual.It would be considered unfair because individual contributions are probably not reflected in the grades, weaker ones students disadvantage stronger students, and it may be perceived as unfair by students. Daphne Patai, a university professor, once said: Ã¢â¬Å"The professor needs to investigate and learn how the group in fact functioned and who did what. I believe this way the professor makes sure that the grading process is fair for everyone. Ã¢â¬ Working in groups is supposed to be fun.It should teach the participants how to communicate, how to be responsible, how to collaborate with others, and how to do teamwork. Instead, it makes you want to never want to work in a group again, not trust anyone in the group, and always double check everyoneÃ¢â¬â¢s work just in case there could be anything wrong. Cathy Middlecamp said: Ã¢â¬Å"When you put students into groups, many of the hard working students do all of the work and the lazy students do nothing and still receive the same grade. This is not fair to those who worked hard, or to those who sat in the corner and talked the entire time. Because of all of the arguments presented above, I believe that working in groups is not wise unless the professor gives individual grades; even then, I do not like working in groups. Works Cited Ã¢â¬Å"Grading Group Projects. Ã¢â¬ WMST-L. Web. 10 Jan. 2013. http://u serpages. umbc. edu/~korenman/wmst/group_grading. html Ã¢â¬Å"Grading Methods for Group Work. Ã¢â¬ Enhancing Education. Web. 10 Jan. 2013. http://www. cmu. edu/teaching/assessment/howto/assesslearning/groupWorkGradingMethods. html Ã¢â¬Å"Indira Gandhi Quotes. Ã¢â¬ Brainy Quote. Web. 1 Jan. 2013. http://www. brainyquote. com/quotes/quotes/i/indiragand109081. html Ã¢â¬Å"Inspirational Quotes About Team Work. Ã¢â¬ Inspiring Team Work Quotes And Short Teamwork Stories. Web. 10 Jan. 2013. http://www. values. com/inspirational-quotes/value/92-Team-Work Ã¢â¬Å"Teamwork Quotes. Ã¢â¬ Desktop Quotes. Web. 11 Jan. 2013. http://www. desktop-quotes. com/teamwork-quotes. html Ã¢â¬Å"Teaching Stories: Disadvantages of Collaborative Learning. Ã¢â¬ CL1. Web. 11 Jan. 2013. http://www. wcer. wisc. edu/archive/cl1/cl/story/middlecc/TSCMD. htm
Friday, August 16, 2019
Its no doubt the United States at the moment enjoys an unchallenged hegemony in the world. For a few decades now the United States has been at the center of the international politics and economics .It has increased tenth folds the sphere of influence to areas key of its national interests.This supremacy and domination has not been a smooth ride. It has not been without its price to a point that United States citizens have paid with their blood. The events of the September 11th attack remain fresh in the AmericansÃ¢â¬â¢ mind.The American dominance of the worldÃ¢â¬â¢s events means that its foreign policies remain the most important in the world. It is at the forefront in shaping the worldÃ¢â¬â¢s destiny and in rooting out any impediments on the way to securing its national interests. It has pioneered nuclear non-proliferation treaties; instituted democracy and governance, intervened militarily in unseating regimes it has felt are a threat to its national security.It continues to shape events in both far and wide countries be it the Middle East, Asia or in Africa. Core to the United States foreign policy is in the intense war it has waged against terrorist organizations in the world. The September of 2001 put into question the impregnability of the United States and all systems have been put alert since.The American government has channeled all its efforts and resources towards containing terrorist organization. In this way regimes have been toppled, thousands dead and a dictator executed.This is not just an example of how the United States, under the foreign policy, responds to international issues, how it utilizes its resources to shape events that it believes are critical to its interests and an international unipolar image.Ã This and more will remain the key focus of this paper. It will examine how the U.S has been responding to international crises, politics and economics (Stephen E, Flynn, 26).One such period that can highlight on the U.S. foreign policies is the cold war. Never before in the history of the United States did the government commit so much to contain the threat of a rising hegemony and a threat to its dominance. The cold war was a war of ideologies and tension-full relationship between the United States and the Soviet Union.Although there was no physical confrontation between the two superpowers, the period from 1940-19900 was characterized by proxy wars, military buildup especially the nuclear arms race and supremacy in technology including the race to space.The two countries were trying to prove their international dominion and hence furthered their respective ideologies and economic systems. While the United States was advocating for capitalism the soviet bloc was a propagating for communism.In this period the United States government was using both military and financial resources to influence the political and economic trends in the world. This was the focus of its foreign policy.Economic aid then was pegg ed on a categorical statements through words and actions that a government was supporting and operationalizing the tenants of capitalism, democracy had taken a back seat then, history is full of incidences when the United States waged proxy wars to unseat democratically elected governments on mere suspicions that they were leaning towards communism and replacing with dictatorial regimes (John L P.49)
Thursday, August 15, 2019
Running Head: Immigration and Border Protection 1 Immigration and Border Protection of Department of Homeland Security Donald Capak Keiser University Immigration and Border Protection 2 Abstract It is my belief that the dissolution of the former U. S. Immigration and Naturalization and Customs Service and the creation of separate agencies under the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) was sound political decision.It is my belief that it was also a move to show the American people that the government was making attempts to help strengthen our security. In the next few pages of this assignment I will attempt to explain my decision to this question backed by research and information supporting me. I will discuss how the newly formed U. S. Customs and Border Protection and Immigration and Customs Enforcement was a step in the right direction to provide U. S. citizens with a sense of safety and security. I will primary focus on these two agencies, their details and what agencies they rep laced. Keywords: Department of Homeland Security, U.S. Immigration and Naturalization and Customs Service, Customs and Border Protection and Immigration, Customs Enforcement Immigration and Border Protection 3 Immigration and Border Protection Of Department of Homeland Security Before the events on September 11th all immigration policy and enforcement was handled by the Immigration and Naturalization Service (INS) under the Department of Justice. However once the Department of Homeland Security was created, the INS was absorbed and broken down into seperate offices.Two of these offices include the U. S. Customs and Border Protection and the Immigration and Customs Enforcement. Immigration and Customs enforcement is responsible for enforcing immigration laws within the United States. Immigration and customs enforcement is similar except they are aimed at enforcing the laws at points of entry into the United States. In the next few pages of this assignment I will give an overview of b oth the U. S. Customs and Border Protection and the Immigration and Customs enforcement, explaining what they do and how their creation was a benefit to the United States.The U. S. Customs and Border ProtectionÃ¢â¬â¢s responsibilities include protecting the nationÃ¢â¬â¢s borders and ensuring that people and cargo arrive on U. S. soil both safety and legally. They protect American citizens from weapons of mass destruction, illegal animals and plants and even contraband. Their purpose is to detect threats before they reach the U. S. in attempts to avert disasters (Jane Bullock, George Haddow, Damon Coppola, Sarp Yeletaysi , 2009). Their numbers are upwards of 53,000 both stateside and overseas. (Who We are. Retrieved from http://www. cbp. ov/xp/cgov/careers/customs_careers/we_are_cbp. xml). On March 1st, 2003 the CBP became an official part of the Department of Homeland Security. Immigration and Border Protection 4This move, led by former commission Robert Bonner, combined employe es from the United States Department of Agriculture, the United States Immigration and Naturalization Service and the United States Customs Service. (US Customs and Border Protection. Retrieved from http://en. wikipedia. org/wiki/U. S. Customs_and_Border_Protection#U. S. _Customs_Service. ). This move was critical to the U. S. defense against foreign attack. Not only did this move reorganize three different organizations into one, but it also established a more unified system. This in turn helped communication and response to threats. With a single organization, instead of two or three, it helped keep the focus on the primary goal; there would be no more varying paths. It was basically unified under one leadership. Another reason that this was done was because the Customs and Border Protection was in need of a serious overhaul.Originally the Immigration and Naturalization Service received its roots after the American Civil war. Many states began passing their own laws regarding immi gration, the federal government saw this as a problem and passed the Immigration Act of 1891, making immigration a federal manner. (2010, Immigration and Naturalization Service. Retrieved from http://en. wikipedia. org/wiki/U. S. _Customs_and_Border_Protection#U. S. _Customs_Service. ) In the early 1900Ã¢â¬â¢s immigration laws started becoming stricter to help protect U. S. citizens and their wages. Laws in 1921 and 1924 began limiting the amount of Immigrants entering the U.S. based on quotas. In 1940, President Roosevelt transferred the INS to the department of Justice where it would remain for the next forty three years. (2010, Immigration and Naturalization Service. Retrieved from http://en. wikipedia. org/wiki/U. S. _Customs_and_Border_Protection#U. S. _Customs_Service. ). Immigration and Border Protection 5 So as one can see, the INS was a fairly outdated system, primary used to limit Immigration and protect citizens from the problems of that era.Instead of performing an ove rhaul, like in 2003, they added organizations to it in attempts to cope with the changing times. This was ineffective and primitive. It caused for confusion amongst the different divisions leaders and made for very poor communication. Using these facts, it is my belief that the decision to create the U. S. Borders and Customs Protection was a wise and valuable decision in securing U. S. citizens from harm. Immigration and Customs Enforcement is the largest investigate arm of the DHS. (Bullock et al. 2010). This division, also known simply as ICE, is responsible for investigating and removing threats to the U.S. Employees of ICE, an estimated 15,000 strong, investigate and enforce over 400 federal statutes within the U. S. and maintain communication with overseas embassies. They also have one the broadest investigative authorities of any federal agency. (2010, U. S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement. Retrieved from http://en. wikipedia. org/wiki/U. S. _Immigration_and_Customs_Enfor cement. ) Much like the US Borders and Customs Protection, the Immigration and Customs enforcement was created after the eventÃ¢â¬â¢s of 9/11 and following the creation of the DHS. The creation of ICE was also similar in that it combined
Wednesday, August 14, 2019
Education in its general sense is a form of learning in which the knowledge, skills, and habits of a group of people are transferred from one generation to the next through teaching, training, or research. Education frequently takes place under the guidance of others, but may also be autodidactic. Any experience that has a formative effect on the way one thinks, feels, or acts may be considered educational. There are three forms of learning. formal education, informal education and non-formal education. Systems of schooling involve institutionalized teaching and learning in relation to a curriculum, which itself is established according to a predetermined purpose of the schools in the system. Schools systems are sometimes also based on religions, giving them different curricula. In formal education, a curriculum is the set of courses and their content offered at a school or university. The term preschool refers to a school for children who are not old enough to attend kindergarten. It is a nursery school. Preschool education is important because it can give a child the edge in a competitive world and education climate. Public primary schools are divided into two categories based on the medium of instruction: Ã¢â¬ ¢ Malay-medium National Schools (Sekolah Kebangsaan, SK) Ã¢â¬ ¢ non-Malay-medium National-type Schools (Sekolah Jenis Kebangsaan, SJK), also known as Ã¢â¬Å"vernacular schoolsÃ¢â¬ , further divided into o National-type School (Chinese) (Sekolah Jenis Kebangsaan (Cina), SJK(C)), Mandarin-medium and simplified Chinese writing o National-type School (Tamil) (Sekolah Jenis Kebangsaan (Tamil), SJK (T)), Tamil-medium All schools admit students regardless of racial and language background. Malay and English are compulsory subjects in all schools. All schools use the same syllabus for non-language subjects regardless of the medium of instruction. The teaching of the Chinese language is compulsory in SJK(C), and Tamil language is compulsory in SJK(T). Additionally, a National School must provide the teaching of Chinese or Tamil language, as well as indigenous languages wherever practical, if the parents of at least 15 pupils in the school request that the particular language to be taught. High-speed rail is a type of rail transport that operates significantly faster than traditional rail traffic, using an integrated system ofÃ specialized rolling stock and dedicated tracks. The first such system began operations in Japan in 1964 and was widely known as the bullet train. High-speed trains normally operate on standard gauge tracks of continuously welded rail on grade separated right-of-way that incorporates a large turning radius in its design.
Society makes something up and pretends itÃ¢â¬â¢s something itÃ¢â¬â¢s not. For instance, religion says it has all the answer, but when it is examined closer, nothing is really there. Ã¢â¬ Throughout VonnegutÃ¢â¬â¢s book Ã¢â¬Å"CatÃ¢â¬â¢s Cradle,Ã¢â¬ Jonah exposes many examples of why he does not believe in Christianity or any other religion besides the one religion he established, Bokononism. I personally see where Jonah is coming from, the fact that there are statements in the old testament that we do not follow even though they may be stated more that once. Although, there are a couple of things that I agree on with Jonah and Bokononism; I concur with Liana PriceÃ¢â¬â¢s Essay on Ã¢â¬Å"Understanding Religion Through CatÃ¢â¬â¢s Cradle. Ã¢â¬ As stated in CatÃ¢â¬â¢s Cradle earlier in the book; the old testament states expectations for Christians that are not even being considered and people are living around these Ã¢â¬Å"rules. Ã¢â¬ Vonnegut himself is a Humanist; he is not sure of GodÃ¢â¬â¢s existence but values life above all else. Even though he does state in his latest novel Timequake that people need religion as something to turn on for comfort and support. I agree on this statement, I believe that humans need someone to think about, talk to, and to unconsciously ask favors too. Atheists are people who do not believe in the existence of any divine beings. Even though this is supposed to be their actual belief they still swear to God. Which to me personally sounds like they need someone to blame for. There are many reasons why people donÃ¢â¬â¢t Ã¢â¬Å"believeÃ¢â¬ in any divine beings but unconsciously they somehow do. NewtÃ¢â¬â¢s father and brother serve as an example in this novel of the scientific views of religion. Which is surprising being that technically NewtÃ¢â¬â¢s father did invent the atomic bomb that killed thousands of people and he is referred as Ã¢â¬Å" so innocent he was practically a Jesus. Ã¢â¬ How in the world is a man who killed thousands referred to as Jesus when in reality Jesus was killed to save thousands? This is oxymoronic; which is one of the reasons on why I disagree with CatÃ¢â¬â¢s Cradle. Julian who calls himself a Bokononist because he agrees that all religions are lies which is what Bokononism is. He fits as a Bokononist because he recognizes that the need for religion is necessary to make someone feel better whether it is scientific, truthful or not. Ice Nine is a method of being able to freeze all bodies of water which are oceans , lakes, rivers, etc. Ice Nine was invented by Felix Hoenikker and his invention also has effect on humans. As soon as it touches human skin or has contact with the inside of the body all blood turns into ice and the person dies instantaneously. Bokonon gets trapped by the people of San Lorenzo and they tell him what God has done and ask what they should do. Bokonon wanting the easy way out, tells the people that God was surely trying to kill them. Bokonon wanted to give them a simple way out so he told them to touch the Ice Nine and their blood froze and they instantaneously died. Although, Bokonon being a genius himself did not take his own advice, because he knew it was worthless. Overall, Vonnegut is a great writer and can express himself in a very unique way that I admire. Although I do disagree with his book CatÃ¢â¬â¢s Cradle. Bokononism is the religion of the belief that all religions are based on lies and people donÃ¢â¬â¢t need God. The people of San Lorenzo were targeted to become Bokononists and practice BokononÃ¢â¬â¢s beliefs. They ended up losing their lives because they believed that God was trying to kill them. I agree with most of the reflection of Liana Price about Bokononism.
Tuesday, August 13, 2019
Vodafone Marketing Issues - Assignment Example Proposal: From the above annexure, it is observed that sales, as well as the market capitalization of the organization, has increased in the past year owing to the advertising efforts taken up by the company from past 2007 in the Hong Kong as well as the other units. Out of the total revenues generated by the advertising companies, a 9% increase is attributed to the Vodafone advertising campaigns (Eaton. M, 2007). With the increase in the ad spends, the company could boost its sales of mobiles and network services so much that even though the Average Revenue per User (ARPU) has been reduced to its rock-bottom prices, the increased customer base improved the profitability levels of the company. As already known, due to the recessionary pressures in this year, the sales targets were cut down twice already. The company is gearing up to face the turmoil by cost-cutting measures. In this exercise, reports suggest that severe cut in the ad spend would be taken up as one such measure along with the other measures of job cuts and logistics. (Thiel. S, 2009). As already emphasized, ad spend is directly related to the increase in sales and customer growth, a cut in that expenditure may cause negative repercussions for the organization. Instead, if increase in the ARPU is considered commensurate to the industry levels, given the existing large customer base of 289 million customers (Anon. 1, 2008), more revenue can be generated per customer which could be utilized for the required ad spend thereby giving a scope for the growth of the customer base in the future also. Research conducted by the Mc. Kinsey and London Business School suggests that firms which reduce their ad spend during the worst of the times tend to lose both in the short and the long terms.Ã
Monday, August 12, 2019
Compensation and Benefits - Essay Example Second is the assessment that the prospect that an individualÃ¢â¬â¢s exertion will lead to the expected performance outcome (expectancy). Third, is the belief that the resulting performance can result to a reward or benefit based on the individualÃ¢â¬â¢s performance (instrumentality) (Noe et al., 2014). In reference to Noe et al. (2014), expectancy or performance expectancy is faith and trust that good individual efforts will lead to better work performance. It denotes the relation of "effort-performance". It is heavily weighted by an individuals personality, past experiences, emotional state, and self-confidence. Instrumentality, according to Thomsen (1980), denotes the "performance-reward" or Ã¢â¬Å"reward-expectancyÃ¢â¬ relation. The individual appraises the probability or likelihood, according to Noe et al. (2014), which achieving the expected level of performance will result to the realization of the performance reward. Valence, on the other hand, is the value that the employee associated with the result or outcome (reward). It denotes the significance an individual associated with the expected outcome (Thomsen, 1980). A motivational force (MF) is thus the multiplication of instrumentality with expectancy and the valence. The proposers of the theory believe that it best explains an individualÃ¢â¬â¢s decision-making process (Thomsen, 1980). On the other hand, critics believe that it does not consider emotional state of individuals during decision making. It can also be challenging to implement in a situation of the group environment (Noe et al., 2014). According to Noe et al. (2014), individual and group incentive plans have and strive for a similar goal. They strive to offer an employee incentive that will result to the right performance for the success of the company. For a company or firm to decide on the best incentive options, it is important to the first know their actual goals. Again